It works best for small or medium stones.
The shock waves come from outside the body, which is why the procedure sometimes is called extracorporeal SWL. Your doctor inserts a thin, flexible scope through your urethra, bladder and then into your ureter to reach the stone. If the stone is small, she can use a basket to remove it.
If the stone is larger, a laser passed through the scope can break it up. These similar surgical procedures are options if your stone is large or if other procedures fail to break them down enough.
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Your doctor uses a thin tube inserted through your skin to reach the stone and them removes nephrolithotomy or breaks nephrolithotripsy it. You'll likely have to stay in the hospital for days. You may need to stay in the hospital for a few days. It can take weeks for you to fully recover. Your surgeon usually will ask a lab to identify the type of stone, so you might be able to take meds to avoid them in the future.
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You can also drink ginger ale, lemon-lime sodas, and fruit juices. Drink enough liquids throughout the day to make at least 2 quarts 2 liters of urine every 24 hours. Drink enough to have light-colored urine. Dark yellow urine is a sign you are not drinking enough. Diet and Calcium Stones.
Follow these guidelines if you have calcium kidney stones: Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water. Eat less salt.
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Chinese and Mexican food, tomato juice, regular canned foods, and processed foods are often high in salt. Look for low-salt or unsalted products. Have only 2 or 3 servings a day of foods with a lot of calcium, such as milk, cheese, yogurt, oysters, and tofu. Eat lemons or oranges, or drink fresh lemonade. Citrate in these foods prevents stones from forming.
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Limit how much protein you eat. Choose lean meats. Eat a low-fat diet. Watch out for antacids that contain extra calcium. Ask your provider which antacids are safe for you to take. Your body still needs the normal amount of calcium you get from your daily diet. Limiting calcium may actually increase the chance that stones will form. Ask your provider before taking vitamin C or fish oil.
They may be harmful to you.
These foods include: Fruits: rhubarb, currants, canned fruit salad, strawberries, and Concord grapes Vegetables: beets, leeks, summer squash, sweet potatoes, spinach, and tomato soup Drinks: tea and instant coffee Other foods: grits, tofu, nuts, and chocolate. Diet and Uric Acid Stones. Avoid fatty foods such as salad dressings, ice cream, and fried foods. Eat enough carbohydrates. Eat more lemons and oranges, and drink lemonade because the citrate in these foods stops stones from forming. Drink plenty of fluids, particularly water.
Also known as renal stones or nephrolithiasis, kidney stones are composed of hard, solid waste materials that build up in the kidneys and form crystals. Less common forms include struvite, uric acid, and cysteine 2 , 3. While smaller stones are usually not a problem, larger stones may cause a blockage in part of your urinary system as they leave your body.
Kidney stones are a common health problem. When it comes to kidney stone prevention, drinking plenty of fluids is generally recommended. Fluids dilute and increase the volume of the stone-forming substances in urine, which makes them less likely to crystallize 3. However, not all fluids exert this effect equally. For example, a high intake of water is linked to a lower risk of kidney stone formation 7 , 8.
Beverages like coffee , tea, beer, wine, and orange juice have also been associated with a lower risk 9 , 10 , On the other hand, consuming a lot of soda may contribute to kidney stone formation. This is true for both sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened sodas 9. Sugar-sweetened soft drinks contain fructose, which is known to increase the excretion of calcium, oxalate, and uric acid.
These are important factors for kidney stone risk 12 , Some studies have also linked a high intake of sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened colas to an increased risk of kidney stones, due to their phosphoric acid contents 14 , Citric acid is an organic acid found in many fruits and vegetables, particularly citrus fruits. Lemons and limes are especially rich in this plant compound Citric acid may help prevent calcium oxalate kidney stones in two ways 17 :.
An easy way to consume more citric acid is to eat more citrus fruits , such as grapefruit, oranges, lemons, or limes. Oxalate oxalic acid is an antinutrient found in many plant foods, including leafy greens, fruits, vegetables, and cocoa A high oxalate intake may increase oxalate excretion in urine, which can be problematic for people who tend to form calcium oxalate crystals Oxalate can bind calcium and other minerals, forming crystals that can lead to stone formation However, foods high in oxalate also tend to be very healthy, so a strict low-oxalate diet is no longer recommended for all stone-forming individuals.
A low-oxalate diet is only suggested for people who have hyperoxaluria, a condition characterized by high levels of oxalate in the urine Before changing your diet, consult your healthcare provider or dietitian to find out whether you may benefit from limiting your intake of oxalate-rich foods. Studies indicate that vitamin C ascorbic acid supplements are associated with a higher risk of getting kidney stones 22 , 23 , A high intake of supplemental vitamin C may increase the excretion of oxalate in the urine, as some vitamin C can be converted into oxalate within the body 25 , One Swedish study among middle-aged and older men estimated that those who supplement with vitamin C may be twice as likely to develop kidney stones as those who don't supplement with this vitamin
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