The child reached her puberty age and the parents decided to seek an astrologer to ask the fate of the child in future. Hearing this, the couple rushed to get the protection and remedies from Mother Durga.
How To Worship Goddess Durga?
At this moment, Goddess Parvathy who wander as a saint in earth to help her devotees and Parvathy took the vow to save the child. The time comes and as predicted before , Ragu the serpent-head changes himself as a serpent and try his very best to kill the girl. Each of his attempt been blocked by Sakti and at last Sakti herself reincarnate as the girl and Ragu mistakenly bite Sakti thus made a sinful act. Ragu beg for forgiveness and as a reward he let go the girl.
Both as been accepted as inauspicious time. Ragu, the North Node of the Moon means to conceal, engulf or hide in Sanskrit. This Graha is associated with the world of material manifestation and worldly desire. Ragu is associated with the spiritual process of involution, or the engrossing of spirit in materialization. Ragu is a karaka, or indicator, of worldly desire, fame, greed, high intelligence, manipulation, obsessive behaviour, foreigners, mass disease, dementia and inertia.
The nature of this Graha is Vata, or Airy. These qualities of Ragu are with us. The Ken Upanishad, part three known as Yaksha Prashna says that The Supreme power of God is manifested as knowledge, activity and strength. Purity known as Sattwa , passion known as Rajas and the inertia known as Tamas. Each of these three gunas represented by colour, Sattwa is white colour of purity - represented by that aspect of mother Durga we worship as Goddess Saraswati. The colour of Rajas is red represented by that aspect of mother Durga we worship as Goddess Lakshmi and Tamas is black, represented by the aspect of mother Durga we worship as Goddess Kali.
Ragu attribute Tamas to our life. Tamas is born of ignorance , deluding all embodied beings. Tamas binds fast in heedlessness , sleep, and indolence, laziness Bhagavad-Gita , Ch 14 verse 8. Tamas is that binding force with a tendency to lethargy lack of energy, vitality , sloth and foolish actions.
It causes non-discrimination or delusion.
It binds one who is associates with self with the Body. A tasmasic person act under the compulsion of the body. He has no power of judgement. His actions are not guided by reasons. His senses are dull. These are all baser animal qualities Ragu —serpent head half human and half animal form , the lower diabolical nature in man. We pray to mother Kali as Durga as the supreme force and power to destroy all our impurities, our vices, and our defects.
She is to fight and annihilate these demons. This is the strength aspect of Sakti as mentioned in the Upanishad. You are , O Mother, known as Jaya victorious , honoured and saluted by Lord of heaven name Indra and served by the devotees, wishing their success. You beam like thick and black clouds. You could terrify enemies even with a flash of your look. You are adorned with crown set of cresent moon on your head. The entire process of creation of the sculptures murti from the collection of clay to the ornamentation is a ceremonial process.
Though the festival is observed post monsoon harvest, the artisans begin making the statues months before, during the summer. The process begins with prayer to Ganesha and to the materials such as bamboo frames in which the statue are cast. Clay, or local soil collected from different parts of the region, forms the base. This choice is a religious tradition wherein Durga, as the creative energy and material, is believed to be present everywhere and everything in the universe. The clay base is combined with straw, kneaded then molded into cast made from bamboo. This is set like any clay pot, layered to a final shape, cleaned, and polished when ready.
A layer of vegetable fiber called jute , mixed in with clay, is attached to the top to prevent the statue from cracking in the months ahead. The heads of the statues are more complex, and usually, cast separately.
The goddesses are dressed in fine silk saris, shown bejeweled and put into a pandal. The procedures and proportions of statue pratima or murti are described in arts-related Sanskrit text of Hinduism, such as the Vishvakarma sastra. The traditional idols, states Christopher Chapple, are made of biodegradable materials such as "straw, clay, resin, and wood". Environmental activists have raised concerns about the paint used to produce the statue, stating that the heavy metals in these paints pollute rivers when the statues are immersed at the end of the Durga festival.
Brighter colors that are also biodegradable and eco-friendly, as well as the historic tradition-based natural colors, are typically more expensive. Shakta Hindu communities mark the slaying of buffalo demon and victory of Durga with a symbolic or actual sacrifice. Most communities prefer symbolic sacrifice, where a statue of asura demon made of flour, or equivalent, is immolated and smeared with vermilion to remember the blood that had necessarily been spilled during the war.
In other communities, an actual animal is sacrificed, mainly at temples of Goddess such as Bhavani or Kali. This involves slaying of a fowl, goat or a male water buffalo. In the past this ritual was considered a rite of passage into manhood and readiness as a warrior.
The ritual is directed by a priest. Months before the start of Durga Puja, youth members of a community organize as a team, collect donations, engage priests and artisans, buy votive materials and help build a theme-based stage called pandal. The Durga statue is designed from clay and clothes and colors by the commissioned artisans. The design and decoration is a team effort involving artists, architects and community representatives hosting it. The budget required for such theme-based pujas is significantly higher than traditional pujas.
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These attract crowds of visitors. The preparations and the building of pandals are a significant arts-related economic activity, often attracting major sponsors. The growth of competitiveness in theme pandals have escalated costs and scale of Durga Puja in eastern states of India. Some communities question the billboards, the economic competition behind the Durga Puja between communities, and seek return to basics. In , an foot statue of Durga in Kolkata's Deshapriya Park attracted numerous devotees, with some estimates placing visitors at one million.
While earlier it used to be conducted live, later a recorded version began to be broadcast. TV and radio channels telecast Puja celebrations. Bengali and Oriya weekly magazines bring out special issues for the Puja known as "Pujabarshiki" or "Sharadiya Sankhya".
How to worship the Goddess during Navratri ?
These contain the works of many writers both established and upcoming and are thus much bigger than the regular issues. Some notable examples are Anandamela , Shuktara, Desh, Sarodiya Anandabazar Patrika , Sananda, Nabakallol, Bartaman  All major local news publications are closed on the last day of the festivities. There is enormous variation in worship practices and rituals associated with Durga Puja, as is the case with other Hindu festivals.
Different types of Durga Puja are readily practiced in the same neighborhood, as well as regionally, with these variations accepted across temples, pandals and within families. Some Puja are flamboyant, some are simple. The style and nature of the Puja varies from being Vedic, or Puranic, or Tantric, or a combination of these. The non-Bengali Durga Puja tends to be essentially Vedic srauta wherein the melodies of Vedic hymns are sung, but it too incorporates esoteric elements making the Puja an example of a Vaidik-Tantric practice.
Historical evidence suggests that the Durga Puja has evolved over time, becoming more elaborate, social and creative. The festival has been a domestic puja, a form of practice that remains popular. Durga Puja is also practiced in the sarvajanin public form, where communities get together, pool their resources and effort to set up pandals , lighting decorations, etc.
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Another set of sources suggest that a Bengali landlord named Kamsanarayan held a mega-show in , or by others in late 16th century Bengal. The city is decked up with festive lights, loudspeakers play popular songs as well as recitation of mantras by priests, thousands of beautiful pandals temporary shrines made of bamboo in different architectural designs as per the theme and budget of organisers are erected by communities in cities, towns and villages across the state, but particularly in Kolkata.
The roads become overcrowded with hundreds of thousands of revellers, devotees, and pandal-hoppers visiting the pandals on Puja days.
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